Victorian study of North Mymms
Chapter Seven - Advowsons
Taken from "The Victoria History of Hertfordshire"
Taken from "The Victoria History of Hertfordshire"
The church of North Mimms was in early times attached to the manor. In 1237-8 Stephen de Somery presented, and in 1239 the right of patronage was apportioned to Peter Picot as part of his share of the manor. In 1293-4, however, Peter and Ralph de Monchesny agreed to present alternately, and John, son and heir of Ralph, gave the advowson to John Sendale, bishop of Winchester, who was vicar from 1307 to 1311.
The apparent absence of any like grant from the holders of the possessions of Peter Picot may partly account for the later disputes as to the tenure of the advowson.
John, son of William Sendale and heir of Bishop John, gave it to Barholomew Badlesmere and Margaret his wife, and they, in 1320, were licensed to grant it to the canons of the religious house which Bartholomew had founded in Badlesmere.
In 1322 Bartholomew was executed for his adherence to Thomas, earl of Lancaster, and his wife Margaret was kept a prisoner in the Tower, until, through the mediation of William, Lord Ros of Hamelak, she obtained her freedom. She afterwards retired to the house of the Minorite Sisters, without Aldgate, where a sun of 2s. a day was paid for her maintenance.
Giles, son of Bartholomew and Margaret, was a minor at the time of his father’s death, and when he died in 1338-9, he was seised of the advowson of North Mimms. It must, therefore, have been recovered from the canons at Badlesmere before this time. Giles left no children, and his heirs were his four sisters, Margery wife of William, Lord Ros de Hamelak, Maud wife of John de Vere, earl of Oxford, Elizabeth wife of William de Bohun, earl of Northampton, and Margaret wife of John Tiptoft, but the advowson was assigned to his wife Elizabeth, daughter of William de Montacute, earl of Salisbury, who afterwards married Sir Hugh le Despenser.
The reversion was allotted to Margaret wife of John Tiptoft, who had two sons, John and Robert. Margaret died before Elizabeth, and on the death of the latter the advowson descended to John. He died a minor in 1360, and his brother Robert succeeded. On attaining his majority, three years later, Robert enfeoffed (1) John de la Lee of the advowson, who in turn enfeoffed Thomas Strete, Henry Strete of Knesworth, and Adam de Wyvelingham. They enfeoffed Nicholas de Thorneton, and Thomas Bedewin, clerks, who in their turn granted the advowson to Richard II and William bishop of London.
These grantees confirmed it to the prior and convent of the Charterhouse, London, in 1378, and the church was appropriated to them in 1383. In 1399, Beatrix Mountviron impleaded the prior as to his right to the advowson, as it had included in the lease of the manormade to her by William Swanlond, and she alleged that it had been inherited by William from his father Simon, who had indeed been able to usurp a presentation during the minority of Robert Tiptoft.
Further during the course of a suit between Henry, earl of Lincoln, and William son of Simon Swanlond, ‘a certain venerable and trusty man’ testified that his uncle, William de Kesteven, had been induced to insert a grant of the advowson in the charter by which he gave a quarter of manor to the husband of Beatrix Mountviron, although he had openly said, at the time of the sale, that he had no right therein.
In 1398 Beatrix had alienated this quarter of the manor to Thomas Knolles, and had presented John Rowland to the church. In this year she united with Thomas Knolles, in promising to Rowland forgiveness of a certain payment of £500, if he shuld maintain her right and come to no agreement with the prior. The king, however, ordered, in 1401-2, that restitution of the patronage should be made to the Charterhouse.
In 1508 the abbot and convent leased to Thomas King and Joan his wife, for twenty years, all the parsonage of North Mimms, except the advowson of the vicarage, and a stable an chamber annexed to the upper end of the hall of the said parsonage. This may possibly be the manor of the rectory already referred to.
After the expiration of the above lease they re-leased it in 1526 for thirty years to Allen Hord, with the same exceptions, and on condition that if the prior or proctor or other servants of the Charterhouse should come to the said parsonage twice or thrice every year during the said time, Allen ‘shall find and minister to the prior or proctor and to three or four of their servants, with their horses by the space of two days and two nights there abiding, sufficient meats and drinks, with hay, provender, and litter for their horses at every such time during the said thirty years.’
Allen also undertook to deliver at the Charterhouse every year, between Easter and Midsummer, as many loads of good ‘char cloys,’ every load containing twenty four sacks well filled with ‘colys,’ as shall be needful to be spent within the said Charterhouse, receiving for each load 6s.
Allen was pledged not to cut or poll any timber or underwood on the land of the said parsonage, except for reasonable cart-bote, plough-bote, and fire-bote. The lease was to be in force only three years after the death of Allen, if he should die within the said thirty years.
After the Dissolution the rectory and advowson were granted in 1544 to Henry Grubbe, who died seised in 1557, leaving his son George his heir. George died in 1577, and was succeeded by his son Eustace, who was a minor at the time of this father’s death, and had livery of the rectory and advowson in 1582.
From him they passed on his death in 1642 to his son John, upon whom it had been settled by his father in 1612 on his marriage with Mary daughter of William Preston of Childwick. William Emerton presented in 1681, and it afterwards came to the family of Blackmore.
In 1691 it belonged to Thomas Blackmore, who married Anne, second daughter of Sir Jonathan Raymond. Thomas Blackmore, jun., presented in 1707, and Raymond Blackmore, probably a son of Thomas, conveyed it in 1729 to Charles Osborn, and in 1749 Henry Blackmore presented. He was the son of Thomas and Anne, and was succeeded by his daughter Elizabeth, wife of William Fullerton.
It afterwards came to their son William Fullerton, who devised it to Catherine Fullerton, his halfr-sister. The king presented in 1768 by a lapse, and Catherine Fullerton in 1790. In 1801 Catherine conveyed the advowson to Samuel Robert Gaussen, from whom it descended, with the manor of Brookmans, to Mrs. Herbert Loftus Tottenham, now Mrs. Gaussen, the present patron.
The living of Christ Church, Little Heath, is a vicarage in the gift of the Church Patronage Society.
In 1328 Simon Swanlond founded a chantry of one priestin the chapel of St. Katherine in the parish church of North Mimms. The chaplain was to say one mass daily at the alter of St. Katherine for Simon and his wife during their lives; and after their death for their souls and those of their parents and of all faithful departed. He might celebrate nowhere else without the leave of Simon or his heirs, and he was not to say mass on Sundays and feast-days until after the celebration in the parish church had been completed.
The priest must swear at his institution to keep the ordinance of this chantry, and was removable by the diocesan. In 1334 Simon obtained licence to increase the endowment of the chantry, and in 1404 the advowson was transferred, with leave from the pope, by William Swanlond to Thomas Knolles.
In 1549 land and tenements which had been granted for lights and repairs to the church were granted to Sir John Perient and Thomas Reve. The tenement was called Berdford or the Church House, and had lately been in the tenure of John Pavys, and was then held by Henry Grubbe.
A brotherhood of our Lady existed at North Mimms in the sixteenth century, for William Hotyng bequeathed a legacy to the brotherhood by his will dated 1515.
In this parish there is only on licence of a house as a meeting-place for Nonconformists. This house was registered in 1776, but the Nonconformists seem to have obtained no footing in the parish, and have no chapels here at this present time.
Definitions of Advowsons
Note: The text above has been taken from "The Victoria History of Hertfordshire", edited by W. Page in 1908. It has been broken down into chapters for ease of reading and download. In all chapters the text is reproduced exactly as it is in the original document. Where words are used which are no longer in common usage, a number appears to the right of the word and a definition is offered. However people using these pages for research might need to have their own dictionary on hand to help understand the text. North Mymms is spelt North Mimms throughout, a difference explained in a feature written by Bill Killick on this site click here.